Why Gen Z is Experiencing Heightened Anxiety and Depression?


Recent research indicates that the past three to four decades have witnessed a profound transformation in the adolescent experience. Marked notably by a substantial surge in teenage anxiety, depression, and behavioral challenges. 

Today’s adolescents not only grapple with increased levels of anxiety and sadness but also find themselves more immersed in education and less engaged in paid employment compared to their counterparts in the 70s and 80s. This shift extends their adolescence into a longer and less structured period.

Considering that today’s youth plays a crucial role in shaping the future of any nation, we are worried about the unwanted change in their behavior. To address this issue, we have created a blog post that explores the causes behind this change and provides useful advice on maintaining good mental health.

What Causes Anxiety And Depression in Youngsters

In our interconnected world, Gen Z faces a unique set of challenges, including climate change, a global pandemic affecting job security, and financial debt. These factors contribute to increased anxiety, stress, and depression among this generation.

Genz Is Online Half of the Time: Gen Z, unlike previous generations, has grown up in a world dominated by the internet, smartphones, and social media. Technology is a big part of their lives. Shockingly, nearly half of Gen Z spend 10 hours or more online each day. This heavy online presence limits their face-to-face interactions, potentially leading to feelings of isolation and loneliness.

The continual online connection also brings about self-esteem issues and the pressure to fit in. For young women, platforms like Instagram, which focuses on photos, are linked to worsening body image problems, affecting one-third of those studied. Gen Z prefers image and video-based platforms such as TikTok, Instagram, and Snapchat, setting them apart from older generations. Understanding these challenges is crucial in addressing the well-being of Gen Z and finding ways to support their mental health.

Unemployment: The pandemic has brought about not just health concerns but also challenges in the job market, particularly for young people. In the US, a study discovered that 59% of young adults either personally faced unemployment or had someone in their household affected since the pandemic began. This study also highlighted a connection between losing a job and experiencing a decline in mental health. The economic impact of the pandemic, leading to job uncertainties, has become a significant stressor for young individuals. Thus, emphasizing the need for support in navigating these challenges.

Sleep Deprivation: In today’s fast-paced world, many individuals, including young people, often sacrifice sleep due to various factors such as academic pressures, social activities, or excessive screen time. Sleep is crucial for overall well-being, and when deprived, it can lead to a range of issues, including increased stress, anxiety, and depression. Lack of sleep also impairs cognitive functions, memory, and decision-making abilities. Addressing and prioritizing healthy sleep patterns is essential for maintaining good mental health.

Using Drugs and Alcohol: Substance abuse involving drugs and alcohol is a significant concern for mental well-being. Many individuals, including young adults, may turn to substances as a way to cope with stress, anxiety, or other challenges. However, these substances can have detrimental effects on overall well-being. They may provide temporary relief but can contribute to long-term health issues, addiction, and a cycle of dependence. Seeking healthier coping mechanisms and professional support is crucial for individuals facing mental health challenges without resorting to substances.

Unhealthy Food Choices: Diet plays a vital role in our psychological health. Poor nutrition, characterized by a diet high in processed foods sugars, and low in essential nutrients, can negatively impact mood and cognitive function. The gut-brain connection emphasizes how the food we eat can influence mental well-being. A diet lacking essential nutrients, and supplements may contribute to feelings of lethargy, irritability, and difficulty concentrating. Conversely, a balanced and nutritious diet, rich in vitamins, minerals, and omega-3 fatty acids, supports optimal brain function. Making informed and healthy food choices is critical to maintaining mental well-being

Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Young People

The symptoms of anxiety and depression in young people can vary, but they may include:


  • Excessive worry or fear
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Fatigue and trouble sleeping
  • Physical symptoms, such as headaches, stomachaches, and dizziness


  • Feelings of sadness or hopelessness
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Changes in appetite or sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Thoughts of suicide

What can be Done to Help Gen Z Cope With These Challenges?

Anxiety is a common problem among teens for many reasons. As adults, we are responsible for finding remedies to empower teens to feel confident in their abilities to become healthy adults. However, for tailored and professional care, engaging with a doctor, psychologist, or counselor is crucial. If you are unable to find the right expert in your local area, don’t worry—telehealth options are on the rise, making quality care more accessible.

Managing anxiety and depression involves various approaches, blending both psychological and medical treatments. Therapeutic interventions for mental health conditions, like anxiety and depression, often encompass:

Meditation: Numerous studies indicate that practicing meditation is beneficial for reducing psychological stress and enhancing overall well-being.

Individuals dealing with anxiety often struggle with overwhelming thoughts that carry excessive influence. It becomes challenging to distinguish between thoughts contributing to problem-solving and those persistent worries that offer no real benefit.

Meditation is a valuable tool in training the mind to discern between helpful and unhelpful thoughts. Engage in guided meditation or use mindfulness apps.

Regular Exercise: Engaging in physical exercise is not just great for your overall well-being; it’s a potent force for your mental health. Research reveals a connection between even a single exercise session and enhanced mood, along with a decrease in anxiety and depression.

Exercise plays a key role in releasing endorphins, which are natural mood-boosting chemicals. Additionally, it promotes better blood circulation in the brain, leading to improved stress response. The experts recommend aiming for a minimum of 150 minutes per week of brisk walking and incorporating muscle-strengthening activities at least two days a week. This benefits your physical health and contributes significantly to your mental well-being.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a widely used therapeutic approach for anxiety and depression. It focuses on identifying and changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. By addressing distorted thinking and developing healthier coping mechanisms, individuals can better control their emotions and improve their psychological well-being.

The Low Down: While not explicitly detailed, “The Low Down” could refer to staying informed about mental health issues, possibly through educational resources, support groups, or therapy sessions. Being aware of one’s mental health status and having access to information can be empowering in the journey to manage anxiety and depression.

For certain individuals dealing with anxiety and depression, antidepressant medication can be beneficial and sometimes necessary. However, it’s important to recognize that taking medication involves both risks and benefits, and these should be thoroughly discussed with your doctor.


In our effort to offer support, we’ve shared insights on understanding the causes and treatment of anxiety and depression, a condition that affects many. By cultivating a more profound understanding, you can enhance your ability to aid those grappling with analogous challenges. We invite you to frequent our platform regularly for a continued source of engaging and informative content across diverse subjects.